style07
style03
style05
style02

Knowledge of Computer Applications

A computer is an electronic device that can process, store, and retrieve information. It’s like a powerful brain, taking in data, manipulating it according to instructions, and presenting the results in various forms. Imagine a magician pulling rabbits out of a hat; a computer can pull out answers, images, and even music – all from the seemingly empty hat of digital information.

banner style
Computer science

Detailed Syllabus for
Computer Science

1. INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS 

2. COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE

  • Component of Computer
  • Interconnection of Units
    • Internal bus
    • External Bus
    • Interconnection Cycle

3. COMPUTER HARDWARE

4. COMPUTER MEMORY

6. OPERATING SYSTEM

7. COMPUTER NETWORK

  • Importance of networking in Computer Science
  • Data transmission media
  • Data transmission across media
    • Transmission modes—Simplex, half duplex, full-duplex
    • Transmission speed—Bandwidth, throughput, attenuation, distortion
    • Fundamentals of transmission— Electromagnetic waves, signals
  • Analog and digital signals
  • Modulation and demodulation— Amplitude, frequency, phase shift
  • Multiplexing—FDM, WDM
  • Asynchronous and synchronous transmission
  • Data transmission and data networking
  • Switching—Circuit switching, message switching, packet switching
  • Computer network
    • Network types—LAN, MAN, WAN
    • Network topologies—Bus, ring, star
    • Communication protocol—The seven layers of OSI model
    • Network devices—NIC, repeater, bridge, hub, switch, router, gateway
  • Wireless networking—Bluetooth technology, wireless LAN, wireless WAN

8. KNOWLEDGE OF MS WORD

  • Introduction
  • Starting MS-Word
  • MS-Word screen and its components
  • Office button—New, open, save, save as, print, prepare, send, publish, close
  • Ribbon—Home, insert, page layout, references, mailings, review, view, add-ins
    • Home tab—Clipboard, font, paragraph, styles and editing
    • Insert tab—Pages, tables, illustrations, links, header & footer, text, symbols
    • Page layout tab—Themes, page setup, page background, paragraph, arrange
    • References tab—Table of contents, footnotes, citation and bibliography, captions, index
    • Mailings tab—Create, start mail merge, write and insert fields, preview results, finish
    • Review tab—Proofing, comments, tracking, changes, compare, protect
    • The view tab—Document views, show/ hide, zoom, window, macros
    • The help
  • Solved examples—Magazine cover, resume, article with three columns, mail-merge, macro.

09. KNOWLEDGE OF MS EXCEL

  • Introduction
  • Basics of spreadsheet
  • Start MS-Excel
  • MS-Excel screen and its components
  • Office button—New, open, save, save As, print, prepare, send, publish, close
  • Ribbon—Home, insert, page layout, formulas, data, review, view, add-ins
    • Home tab—Clipboard, font, alignment, number, styles, cells, editing
    • Insert tab—Tables, illustrations, charts, links, text
    • Page layout tab—Themes, page setup, scale to fit, sheet options, arrange
    • Formulas tab—Function library, defined names, formula auditing, calculation
    • Data tab—Get external data, connections, sort and filter, data tools, outline
    • The review tab—Proofing, comments, changes
    • The view tab—Workbook views, show/ hide, zoom, window, macros
    • The help
  • Solved examples—Year-wise salesman sales, salary calculation, mark sheet calculation 

10. KNOWLEDGE OF MS POWER POINT

  • Introduction
  • Basics of PowerPoint
  • Start MS-PowerPoint
  • MS-PowerPoint screen and its components
  • The office button—New, open, save, save as, print, prepare, send, publish, close
  • The ribbon—Home, insert, design, animations, slide show, review, view, add-ins
    • Home tab—Clipboard, slides, font, paragraph, drawing, editing
    • Insert tab—Tables, illustrations, links, text, media clip
    • Design tab—Page setup, themes, background
    • Animations tab—Preview, animations, transition to this slide
    • Slide show tab—Start slide show, set up, monitors
    • Review tab—Proofing, comments, protect
    • View tab—Presentation views, show/ hide, zoom, color/grayscale, window, macros
    • The help
  • An example—Create a PowerPoint presentation

11. KNOWLEDGE OF MS ACCESS

  • Introduction
  • Database terminology—Data, table, field, record, primary, relational database
  • Start MS-Access
  • MS-Access screen and its components
  • The office button—New, open, save, save as, print, manage, e-mail, publish, close database
  • The ribbon—Home, create, external data, database tools, add-Ins
    • Home tab—Views, clipboard, font, rich text, records, sort and filter, find
    • Create tab—Tables, forms, report, other
    • External data tab—Import, export, collect data, sharepoint lists
    • Database tools tab—Macro, show/hide, analyze, move data, database tools
    • The help
  • Solved example—Company relational database schema and queries

12. INTERNET SERVICES

  • History of Internet
  • Internetworking protocol—TCP/IP
  • Internet architecture—Client, local ISP, regional ISP, backbone
  • Managing the Internet—ISOC, IAB, IETF, IESG, IRTF, IANA, InterNIC, W3C
  • Connecting to Internet
  • Internet connections—Dial-up access, leased line, ISDN, DSL, cable modem
  • Internet address
  • Internet services
    • WWW—Web browser, URL, Internet search engines
    • Electronic mail
    • File transfer protocol
    • Terminal network
    • News
    • Internet relay chat
  • Uses of Internet

13. CONCEPT OF COMPUTER VIRUS AND ANTI-VIRUS.

  • What is a Computer Virus?
    • Definition and Characteristics
    • Common Types of Computer Viruses
  • Importance of Anti-Virus Software
    • Protecting Against Malicious Threats
    • Detecting and Removing Viruses
    • Real-Time Monitoring and Updates
  • Practices for Computer Security
    • Regularly Update Software and Operating Systems
    • Exercise Caution When Downloading and Opening Files
    • Avoid Suspicious Websites and Emails

14. COMPUTER SECURITY

  • Computer security in Computer Science
  • Security threat and security attack
  • Malicious software—Virus, worm, trojan horse, javascript, java applet, ActiveX control
  • Hacking—Packet sniffing, password cracking, e-mail hacking
  • Security services—Confidentiality, integrity, authentication, non-repudiation
  • Security mechanisms
    • Cryptography—Secret key cryptography, public-key cryptography, hash function
    • Digital signature—Digital signature algorithms
    • Firewall—Functions of firewall, working principle, types of firewall, proxy
    • Users identification and authentication
    • Other security measures—virus protection software
  • Security awareness, security policy

15. ROLE AND CATEGORIES FIRMWARE AND HUMAN-WARE.

  • What is Firmware and its Role?
    • Definition and Overview
    • Importance in Electronics and Computing
    • Examples of Firmware in Action
  • What is Human-ware and it’s Role?
    • Definition and Overview
    • Importance in Human-Machine Interaction
    • Examples of Human-ware in Action
  • Categories of Firmware Computer Science
    • Embedded Firmware
    • BIOS Firmware
    • Bootloader Firmware
    • Application Firmware
  • Categories of Human-ware
    • User Interfaces
    • Input Devices
    • Output Devices
    •  Assistive Technologies
  • The Relationship between Firmware and Human-ware
  • Future Trends in Firmware and Human-ware

16. ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN GOVERNANCE.

  • Introduction
  • Importance of Information Technology in Governance
    • Enhancing Efficiency and Effectiveness
    • Improving Transparency and Accountability
    • Strengthening Citizen Engagement
    • Facilitating Data-Driven Decision Making
  • Areas of Information Technology in Governance
    • Digitalization of Government Services
    • E-Government and Online Service Delivery
    • Cybersecurity and Data Privacy
    • Open Data and Data Analytics
    • Digital Identity and Authentication
    • Block chain Technology in Governance
  • Challenges and Opportunities
    • Digital Divide and Inclusivity
    • Cyber Threats and Security Risks
    • Privacy Concerns
    • Adoption and Implementation Challenges
    • Potential of Emerging Technologies

17. DATA REPRESENTATION

  • Number system
  • Decimal number system
    •   Binary number system
    •   Octal number system
    •   Hexadecimal number system
  • Conversion from decimal to binary, octal, hexadecimal
    • Converting decimal integer to binary, octal, hexadecimal
    • Converting decimal fraction to binary, octal, hexadecimal
    • Converting decimal integer.fraction to binary, octal, hexadecimal 
  • Conversion of binary, octal, hexadecimal to decimal 
  • Conversion of binary to octal, hexadecimal 
  • Conversion of octal, hexadecimal to binary
  • Binary arithmetic
  • Signed and unsigned numbers
  • Binary data representation
  • Binary coding schemes
  • Logic gates
Scroll to Top